Wednesday, February 4, 2015

The Price of Teacher Retention
By:  Marla Kilfoyle and Melissa Tomlinson

One the largest factors that plagues education today is how to retain teachers in “hard to staff” areas.  Research proves that the longer a teacher stays in the profession the more benefits that children have.  Veteran teachers offer many benefits to not just students but to their families and to the school community.   Experience arms teachers with strategies and resources that enable them to solve issues that our children face every day in school.  The larger question then becomes, how do we retain teachers in “hard to staff” schools?  How do we stop the revolving door so that children will benefit from stability in their school and the support from adults that they have grown to trust?

Research shows us that teachers in “easy to staff” schools stay longer.  That, certainly, should not be a surprise to anyone.  The larger issue is how do we keep teachers in the “hard to staff” schools so that our most vulnerable children have continuity and stability of adults who know their community and possibly their siblings and parents.  Here is how you retain teachers and produce stability in “hard to staff” communities. 

First, you must start in the community.  The school must be an extension of the community and the teachers that are hired in “hard to staff” areas must make a commitment to be a part of the community.  They should be mentored and supported to work beyond the normal school day. Teachers should be encouraged to coach or to  mentor a club.   It is when teachers become entrenched in a school that they develop a connection to a community and develop a desire to stay involved to help the children of the community thrive.

Research clearly shows that teachers need to feel supported.  Teachers in “hard to staff” schools need to not only have support from administrators but from other staff members.  They should have mentors as well as teachers who will be there to support them in everything they do.  Mentoring should not be for 1 year but for 3 years.  Mentoring, in most states, is only offered for 1 year but many teachers still need support beyond that first year.  They should have administrators who were, themselves, master teachers.  Master teachers know the trials and tribulations of being a rookie teacher.  Master teachers can offer rich and sound guidance to any new teacher. 

Teachers should not be placed out of their field of expertise.  When teachers go to college and get an education degree in a subject it is  a result of an internal passion  for that subject.  That passion  transfers to the classroom.  This passion translates into highly effective teaching that draws a student into the process of learning that helps establish a precedent of being a life-long learner.   
Teachers need to be compensated with a decent wage.  Teachers in this nation earn on average $36,141  Most “hard to staff” areas are in urban settings  , and living in, or near, an urban setting is expensive.  Teachers must be compensated for the work they do and the educational background they have. On average most teachers are required to obtain a Master’s Degree and beyond to  obtain, and retain,  their licenses.   To keep the best candidates working in a profession, you must pay them accordingly– it is that simple.

 Teachers also need “amenities” where they teach.  Teachers can see what the “easy to staff” districts have and they want those amenities; Smart board, full access to technology, a full arsenal of support staff ( media specialists, nurses, school social workers and psychologists),  and a clean, and stable, building infrastructure.  Teachers must also be able to work in a school that has organization and is free from disarray.  Research shows that  a lack of organizational structure causes teachers to leave, specifically, “hard to staff” schools   When teachers are given the amenities they need to overcome the poverty that “hard to staff” schools generally have, they are more apt to stay longer.  

Finally, the best way to retain the best teachers is to SHOW they are appreciated.  In one study it was found that if you use new teachers to teach Professional Development to staff, they feel appreciated and valued .  Without these supports for our teachers, specifically in “hard to staff” schools, we will continue to lose teachers of quality.  To retain teachers they must be given the  support of being mentored, appreciated, and connected to the school and its community, compensated appropriately, and given a building that is organized and functioning effectively.   Learning communities cannot be established if there is a revolving door of educators in a school building. Communication and collaborative learning have been heralded as the key points in our 21st century learning goals for our country to meet the needs of the future.  The small price we pay to make sure all new teachers, specifically in “hard to staff” schools, receive this support is worth the price – the sound education of our children. 

1 comment:

  1. Maybe all teacher training programs should be modeled after an urban residency---one full year in a master teacher's classroom with follow up support.

    Dana Goldstein mentioned urban residency program in her book, "The Teacher Wars" and on page 250 of the advanced bound galley that I read, it clearly says: "Nationwide, urban teacher residencies have an 87% retention rate at four years, compared to the loss of nearly half of all new urban teachers over a simliar period and two-thirds of Teach for American teachers."

    In fact, I went through a program that was a residency where I was paid a modest stipend to work full time for an entire school year in a master teacher's classroom. After that year, I spent the next 29 years teaching in schools that had a poverty rate of about 70% - 80% and 92%+ of the students were minorities, not white.

    With such a great success rate, why are the reformers ignoring what looks like the best teacher training program in the country and adopting the 5 weeks of workshop training that TFA recruits get.


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